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Related region
Related grapes
Cabernet Franc
Cabernet Sauvignon
Petit Verdot
Wineries in this region
Château Brane Cantenac
Château Cantenac Brown
Château d'Issan
Château Durfort Vivens

Famous red wine region in the south of the Médoc. One of the four communal appellations of Haut-Médoc. Its vines not only cover the commune of Margaux but also the communes of Soussans to the north and Labarde, Arsac and Cantenac to the south. Its Premier Grand Cru Château Margaux of course dominates the wine region. The Margaux appellation is situated on a gravel island. On the central ridge of this island one finds the five Deuxièmes Grands Crus Classés and the best vineyards of Château Margaux.

-Only wines from the good terrains of Margaux, Cantenac, Soussans, Arsac et Labarde (Gironde)
-Only red wines
-Grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Petit Verdot, Carmenère
-Production: max. 40 hl. per ha.

The gravel mounds that are so typical for the Médoc dominate the soil. These mounds afford excellent drainage of water and are loose and airy. Because of their infertility the gravel mounds encourage the vines to send its roots down deep in search of nutrients. These gravel mounds rest on (starfish) limestone (Calcaire à astéries) plateaux. Margaux is situated on a, sometimes shallow, gravel island of 7 square km.
Limestone Gravel Sand

Click here: the weather in Médoc <
Margaux has a maritime climate, caused by the Atlantic. The warm Gulf Stream and the Gironde act as a heat-regulator and moderate the climate. This gives the region mild winters, warm summers, and long, sunny autumns. The region is protected from sea winds by the coastal strip of pine forest which runs almost parallel to the region. The oceanic influence places the region in a very privileged position with few unwelcome extremes of temperature. Much to the concern of the vignerons however, harvest time and the rainy season arrive about the same time. If the rains come early all grapes will not be fully ripened. If the rains come during harvest, the grapes can lose concentration. The record keepers have observed that in any ten-year span there will be, from a climate point of view, three great years, three poor years, and four that are mediocre. Sometimes the normally mild region is rudely reminded of its northern latitude. In February 1956 a hard frost occurred with temperatures below -18 C (0F). There is also the lingering concern that the Saint de Glace may visit the budding vines in the first weeks of May. Like in 1991.
Atlantic ocean Heat-reservoir Sunny