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Related region
Bourgogne
Related grapes
Chardonnay
Wineries in this region
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Chablis et Chablis Premier Cru
Chablis et Chablis Premier Cru


The best Chablis vineyards, where Grand Cru and Premier Cru, and some Chablis AOC is grown, have soils that are a combination of limestone and fossilized oysters, dating way back, when the whole region was under water.
The rest of the vines in Chablis are planted in a slightly younger soil, with more clay and fewer fossils.
Chablis is near the northernmost limit of land viable for growing grapes, with no ocean influence to moderate the seasons, so Chablis can have hot summers, and long, cold winters. Only white wine is grown here.
The cool climate allows the grapes to maintain a bright, refreshing acidity. That acidity, combined with the minerality from the soil, results in young wines that are beautifully bright and racy. Chablis wines are most commonly made for early drinking. They are normally made using no new oak and can run the gamut in fruit profile from tart citrus to apple-pear to tropical fruits.
The mineral component is dictated by the soil type and the age of the vines. It can be anywhere from a subtle, dusty chalk character, to an outspoken, stony mineral that will make you think you have river rocks in your glass.


-Surface: 2782 ha.
-Surface: 734 ha.
-Only white wines:
-Only wines from the defined parcels in the communes Beine, Béru, Chablis, la Chapelle-Vaupelteigne, Chemilly-sur-Serein, Chichée, Collan, Courgis, Fleys, Fontenay, Lignorelles, ligny-le-Châtel, Maligny, Poilly-sur-Serein, Préhy, Villy and Viviers.
-Grape varieties white wine:
-Max. production 50 hl. per ha.

Chalky marl and clay with sometimes fossils of seashells.
Limestone Clay Marl

Semi-continental climate with a slight influence of the Atlantic Ocean. A humid spring, long, hot, sunny summer, a relatively warm autumn and a long cold winter. Heavy rainfall, hail or spring frosts can cause problems. Minimal Mediterranean influence.
Rains in spring Spring frosts Sunny